NATIVE                                            NOTES

 

 

 

 

Kate’s Mountain Clover

    Bill Grafton – Editor                                                           Daniel J. Grafton – Assistant Editor

WEST VIRGINIA NATIVE PLANT SOCIETY NEWSLETTER

VOLUME 14: 3                                                    DECEMBER 2006

 

Seasons Greetings!

 

By the time you are reading this, the Christmas and New Years holidays will be over.  And as the snow falls and melts through the winter, botanical enthusiasts turn their thoughts to a more colorful time of the year:  Spring!

 

Last spring the WVNPS Tri-State Chapter started the botanizing season with a field trip to Grayson Lake State Park.  Through the course of the summer we visited botanical hotspots in the rich mesic woods around Fort Gay, KY, the oak-hickory forests of Wayne National Forest in Ohio and the oak barrens and rock bluff communities of Lynx Prairie and Buzzard Roost, both Nature Conservancy properties in Adams County, Ohio.  We ended the 2006 field season with a spectacular annual meeting and botanizing trip to the Point Pleasant area; home of Mothman and interesting wetland plant communities.

 

To combat the lack of botanical thrill that may exist in the winter I suggest three remedies. 

 

1) Seek comfort in learning how to identify trees and shrubs in dormant form.  The world of leaf scars, vascular bundle scars and false terminals is a fascinating field of study.  Not to mention how much your friends and family will be impressed when you tell them, “No, no, no that can’t be a walnut tree because walnuts have chambered piths!”  A good, cheap reference for starting this endeavor is William Harlow’s Fruit Key and Twig Key to Tree and Shrubs published in 1946 by Dover Publications, Inc.  Despite its out-dated nomenclature, I find it to be a reliable key with good photos.  The best part about it is that you can buy yourself a brand-spankin’-new copy for $4.95 on the internet!

 

2) The second remedy I suggest is to seek companionship in fellow botanical confidants at this year’s exciting WVNPS lecture series at Marshall University in Huntington, West Virginia.  This year’s series features talks about orchids, gardening, outdoor recreation and more!  Please check out the schedule of talks included in this issue of Native Notes.

 

3) Explore the newly re-vamped WVNPS website at www.wvnps.org.  Jeff Patton has worked tirelessly to update and festoon the website with pictures, new information and exciting links to other exciting botanical websites. 

 

I hope you all had a wonderful holiday season and that you can partake of the above items to get you through the winter.  When spring is around the corner, remember to keep your eyes open for postings about WVNPS summer hikes.  If you have an idea for a place that would make a good hike, contact your chapter leader to get it booked as a 2007 field trip.

 

Happy Winter Botanizing,

Chad Kirschbaum, WVNPS President

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

 

WINTER LECTURE SERIES – Hosted by: TRI-STATE CHAPTER

 

Public Welcome!  Please join us for a series of talks about plants, gardening, outdoor recreation and more!!!

 

Effects of Nitrogen Pollution on Plant Diversity 

Dr. Frank Gilliam, Marshall University

Thursday, November 16th

 

Propagation Techniques for Native Plants

Dr. Frank Porter, Porterbrook Native Plants   

Thursday, December 7th

 

Hallucinogenic Plants Used in Healing

Dr. Dan Evans, Marshall University

Wednesday, January 17th

 

Wayne National Forest: From the Land Nobody

Wanted to Southern Ohio’s Unique Natural Treasure

Gloria Chrismer, Wayne National Forest

Thursday, February 15th

 

Native Orchids of West Virginia and Beyond

Bernie Cyrus

Thursday, March 15th

 

Each talk will also feature “Botany on the Web:  Useful websites for E-Botanizing: By Forest Service botanist Chad Kirschbaum

Join us:  6:30 – 7:30 P.M.

              Science Hall – Room 376

              Marshall University

 

Annual membership meeting

 

The Annual Membership meeting was held in Point Pleasant at the Lowe Hotel on the evening of September 23, 2006.  Chad Kirshbaum presided.

 

The following items were discussed and actions agreed to by the members, are listed.

      Editor’s Note: I hope many of you have seen these releases.  Please let me know, 

      so a summary can be included in the Spring newsletter.        

 

January 20, 2007 Bryophyte Workshop and Board of Trustees Meeting

 

The workshop can accommodate 15 people and will start at 9:30 am and end at 2:30 pm

Instructor: Ray Showman, Ohio Lichen All-star – co-author of Lichens of Ohio .

Chad Kirschbaum (email: ckirschbaum@fs.fed.us  ,is the contact to register and get more details.

The board meeting will be from 3-6 pm and all are welcome!!

Tri-State Field Trips for 2006

 

What an interesting group of plants the Tri-State Chapter saw during 2006.  If you live close to the area you really should go on the trips.  Listed below are some of the rare or interesting plants you missed this year. Don’t let it happen in 2007.  Join in the fun!!

 

Trip 1: Mills Creek near Fort Gay, WV on May 6, 2006

List compiled by Jeff Patton

 

Green dragon               Walking fern                Cynthia

Twinleaf                       Wild comfrey                        Filmy fern

Giant chickweed            Veiny skullcap            False mermaidweed

Cranefly orchid            Yellow lady’s slipper  Bloodroot

Celandine poppy  Greek valerian             Goldenseal

Long-flowered Heuchera         

 

Trip 2: Binion Branch on Wayne National Forest, Ohio on June 3, 2006

List compiled by Jeff Patton

 

Southern water-plantain              Fox grape

Spreading dogbane                       Wild cucumber

 

            Young’s Branch on Wayne NF, Ohio 6/3/06

American beak grass                American ipecac

Fire cherry                                Climbing prairie rose

Narrowleaf cattail               Sweet low blueberry

 

Trip 3:Buzzard’s Roost (BR) and Lynx Prairie (LP) ; Adams Co., Ohio 8/5/06

List compiled by Jeff Patton

Note: Ohio “State listed plants”  followed by (E) Endangered, (T) Threatened or   (P) Protected

Texas sandwort –BR (P)                       American aloe –LP (P)

Green milkweed – LP            (P)                   Shale barren aster – BR (T)

Blue-hearts – LP (T)                          Flat-stemmed spikerush – LP (T)

Rattlesnake master – LP (P)                   Hairy milk pea – LP (T)

Western sunflower – LP (T)                   Crested coral-root – LP (T)

Cylindrical Blazing Star – BR (T) Scaly Blazing Star – LP (P)

Angle-pod – LP (P)                          Plains Muhlenbergia – BR (E)

Few-flowered Nut-rush – LP            (T)            Southern Blackhaw – LP (T)

Whorled milkweed – BR, LP             Side Oats gramma – BR
Bristle-leaved sedge – BR, LP        Mullein Foxglove – BR
Stiff-haired sunflower – LP             Green violet – BR

Goldenseal – BR                               False boneset – BR, LP

Carolina buckthorn – BR                   Prairie rose – BR

Cup-plant – LP                                    Prairie dock – LP

White blue-eyed grass – LP                    Stiff goldenrod – LP

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

PLAN NOW FOR YOUR SPRING PLANTING

 

Spring is not “just around the corner”, but it is time to plan what your needs will be for those warmer days of April and May when we like to dig in the soil.  It might even help you to get on the web sites of our native plant nurseries.  See what they have listed and get your plant list together.  Some of the nurseries have catalogs that you can request and be sure to share with you friends, kin folk, and fellow native plant enthusiasts.

 

Listed below are some sources of native plants for our area.  If you know of others, please let me know so we can compile a complete list for the spring issue of Native Notes.

 

Doyle Farm Nursery

158 Norris Road

Delta, PA 17314

Phone/FAX : 717  862-3134

Email: jld@doylefarm.com

Web site:  doylefarm.com

Doyle Farm Nursery specializes in native perennial grasses and herbs.  They have a large variety of plants to choose from.  All plants are grown outside so they do not have to acclimatize when first planted.

 

Located in York County Pennsylvania.  Plants are high quality and most are sold in “pots” that are quart or gallon size.  They will ship but it is cheaper to pick up gallon size containers at the nursery.  Prices are generally $5-6 for quart size and $8-13 for gallon size.

 

Note:  Emily ordered several plants last year and had excellent results.

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Elk Ridge Nature Works, LLC

Ron Boyer & Liz McDowell

Phone: 301  895-3686

Email: info@elkridgenatureworks.com

Web site : elkridgenatureworks.com

 

A very nice selection of native plants grown on site in Garrett County in western Maryland.  Ron and Liz are very helpful and have a nice selection of Mid-Appalachian wildflowers, grasses and rushes.  You can purchase the plants at the nursery (by appointment), at local festivals & farmers markets, as well as, several plant events in the Mid-Atlantic region.

 

Note: We have bought plants from Ron and Liz and found them to be vigorous and hardy.

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Enchanter’s Garden

Peter  Heus

HC 77, Box 108

Hinton, WV 25951

Phone- FAX: 304   466-3154

 

Enchanter’s Garden offers a wide variety of wildflowers, grasses, sedges and about 30 trees/shrubs.  Most plants are in quart size containers.  A listing of plants by common & scientific names and the prices, can be mailed to customers.  To buy plants you need to make an appointment and visit the nursery.  Plants are no longer sold by mail order as they were a few years ago.

 

Note: I have bought plants from Peter several times and always found them to be high quality and quite vigorous. 

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Porterbrook Native Plants

Dr. Frank Porter

49607 St. Rt. 124

Racine, OH 45771

Phone: 740  247-4565

Email: info@porterbrooknativeplants.com

Web site: porterbrooknativeplants.com

 

We gladly accept small online orders from those unable to visit the nursery.  Unless otherwise stated, all plants cost $5.00 each plus the actual cost of postage.  Plants will be sent via USPS.  You can pay by personal check or money order made out to Frank W. Porter.

The web site lists several hundred wildflowers, sedges, grasses, etc. With descriptions of foliage, flowers, height, hardiness zones, sun/shade preference and other useful information.  If you have questions email:  info@porterbrooknativeplants.com

There is also a page on rock gardens and a note that Frank sells many native trees and shrubs that are not listed on the web site.          

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Sylva Native Nursery and Seed Co.

Mike Hollins – President

3815 Roser Road

Glen Rock, PA 17327

Phone: 717  227-0486

FAX: 717  227-0484

Email: sylvanat@aol.com

 

Sells a wide variety of seed mixes, seedlings and tublings of wildflowers/herbs, trees and shrubs.  Excellent selections of wetland species.  Mike often collects seed and material from West Virginia.

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Sunshine Farm and Gardens

HC 67  Box 539B

Renick, WV 24966

Phone: 304  497-2208

Email: barry@sunfarm.com

Web site: sunfarm.com

 

Barry Glick is the owner, brains and energy behind Sunshine Farm and Gardens that grows over 10,000 perennials, bulbs, trees, shrubs, sedges, wildflowers and specializes in hellebores.  This nursery is primarily wholesale but offers limited mail order to home gardeners where they have no established retailers.  No one else in our area offers as many plant species.

 

The web site is very interesting, colorful and loaded with nice information.  Barry offers tours, workshops and lectures to groups.

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Windbeam Way Nursery

Doug Jolley

PO Box 37

Heaters, WV 26627

Phone: 304  765-2608

Email: aplectrumwv@yahoo.com

 

Windbeam Way Nursery offers a selection of all indigenous native azaleas to the eastern US.  Native rhododendrons and other ericaceous (heath) plants are available. The nursery also offers perennials, shrubs and trees which are attractive to backyard birds and butterfly gardens.  A one-acre display garden, showcases mature specimens of much of what is for sale.  Group garden tours and presentations to organizations are arranged by appointment.  The nursery is open Fridays thru Mondays during April, May, and June.  Visitors should call in advance.

 

CONGRATULATIONS TO WVNPS MEMBERS  BARRY GLICK, DOUG WOOD & DONNA FORD-WERNTZ

 

Barry Glick was featured in the Sunday Gazette-Mail on October 29, 2006.  The article was entitled, “Mountain Crop – Greenbrier Man Ships Plants Around the World”.  Barry has been an active member since WVNPS was rejuvenated in the 1980s.  The article recognizes Barry as a plant expert who breeds, hybridizes, patents, writes, lectures and sell plants.  His nursery is located on 15 acres of mostly steeps forests. Here he and the local folks he hires grow as many as 10,000 species of plants that are sent by mail order around the world. Barry specializes in hellebores that have fantastic foliage that is not eaten by deer.

Barry came to West Virginia from Philadelphia in 1972 and with a brother started a hot tub business near Renick.  Look at the web site for Sunshine Farm and Gardens (sunfarm.com) and you will see why Barry is very deserving of such a nice article with 4 color photographs.

 

Doug Wood was in Morgantown and his serious face graced the front cover of The Daily Athenaeum (WVU student newspaper) on November 8, 2006.  Doug was part of the “Mountaineer Week” festivities.  He portrayed Mankiller Ostenaco, a famous Cherokee war captain, in his determination to help keep the Cherokee culture alive and let all of us know how that culture influences us today.

Doug graduated from WVU in 1977 and works for the WV Department of Environmental Protection. 

He and his wife, Diane Anestis, have given many programs over the years to promote a better understanding of the American Indians.  Diane is an expert on native American’s use of plants for medicine.

 

Donna Ford-Werntz is curator of the WVU Herbarium, the largest collection of preserved plant specimens in the state, and will be part of a National Science Foundation funded project to create an online plant collections network.  The SouthEast Regional Network of Expertise and Collections is a five-year, $498,00 project that will enable botanists and others to access pressed plant collections (Herbaria) and information within a 15-state region.  It’s called the Research Coordination Network, and its idea is to make biological information easily available for students, teachers and researchers.

 

WEBSITES

 

http://www.na.fs.fed.us/fhp/invasive_plants/

   This US Forest Service website has excellent information on invasive plants in the Northeastern United States.

http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers

   This website is the “Celebrating Wildflowers” site that has a tremendous amount of information.  Larry Stritch, former WV Board member has been very instrumental in getting this excellent resource available for us to use.

www.wvnps.org

   This is our very own website.  Jeff Patton has really turned this into an excellent resource that we can be proud of.  Check it out!!!!!!

http://plants.usda.gov/

   This site is loaded with photos, illustrations, range maps and much, much more.

 

WHY HAVE A FLORA  ATLAS

 

The old West Virginia flora atlas was a list of counties in which a specific plant was known to occur.  It is now a series of West Virginia maps (a map for each plant) with each county outlined.  Symbols of a circle or a dot are used to indicate the plant has been officially collected from that county and is located in a herbarium. 

The circle indicates the plant is an historical record collected prior to 1977.

The dot indicates the plant collection has been between 1977 and the present.

 

The WV Checklist & Atlas is finally printed and is being distributed to reviewers and agency people who will use it the most.  A second printing is being planned and will be sold to those who wish to purchase copies.

Why have an atlas??  As of  January 2006, only 4 plants had been collected in all 55 counties based on records at WVU, Youngstown State U., Carnegie Museum, Davis & Elkins College, and a small number of plants inventoried at Marshall U. By the end of 2006, there are 13 plant species that have been collected in all counties.  This happened because we can now look at a map and easily see what counties are blank.

 

The original 4 species collected in all 55 counties were:

·        Common serviceberry – Amelanchier arborea

·        Downy rattlesnake plantain – Goodyera pubescens

·        Oxeye Daisy – Leucanthemum vulgare

·        Christmas fern – Polystichum acrostichoides

 

The 9 new species added in 2006 are:

·        Yarrow – Achillea millefolium

·        Ebony spleenwort –Asplenium platyneuron

·        Flowering dogwood – Cornus florida

·        Wild carrot – Daucus carota

·        Autumn olive – Elaeagnus umbellata

·        Spicebush – Lindera benzoin

·        Sassafras – Sassafras albidum

·        Stonecrop – Sedum ternatum

·        Coltsfoot – Tussilago farfara

 

Another very nice feature of the Atlas is you can, at a glance, see if a plant occurs statewide, is rare or occurs in a specific area of the state.

By the time you get this Native Notes, DNR should know if there are any copies for sale and what the price will be.  For availability information, contact

Janet Iseli

Wildlife Diversity Program, Natural Heritage Group

WV Division of Natural Resources

PO Box 67, Ward Road

Elkins, WV 26241

Phone:  304  637-0245

Email:  janetiseli@wvdnr.gov

 

 

MORE INTERESTING ATLAS INFORMATION

 

There are 316 species that are found in only 1 county.

Listed below are 20 of the 316 that have fairly showy flowers that are Native or Adventive and the one county where it has been found.  If you live in or take field trip into this county, watch for the plant.  It might also be growing in adjacent counties.  Any new sites would be really neat finds to add to the Atlas.

1.      Fringed gentian – Gentianopsis crinita         N – Greenbrier

2.      Blue-head Gily-flower – Gilia capitata         N – Hampshire

3.      Frostweed – Helianthemum propiquum        N – Nicholas

4.      St. John’s-wort - Hypericum ascyron            A – Pleasants

5.      Disguised St. John’s-wort – Hypericum dissimulatum N –Barbour

6.      Sheep laurel – Kalmia angustifolia                N – Randolph

7.      Dwarf dandelion – Krigia caespitosa             A – Kanawha

8.      Few-flower gayfeathers - Liatris pauciflora   N – Fayette

9.      Spherical gayfeathers – Liatris spheroidea     N –Ritchie

10.  Blazing star – Liatris squarrosa                      A – Cabell

11.  False aloe - Manfreda virginica                      N – Wayne

12.  Englemann’s adder’s tongue – Ophioglossum englemannii  N – Hardy

13.  Brook cinquefoil - Potentilla rivalis                N – Kanawha

14.  Dwarf chinquapin oak – Quercus prinoides    N – Greenbrier

15.  Prairie coneflower - Ratibida columnifera      A – Wood

16.  White blue-eyed grass – Sisyrinchium albidum  N – Grant

17.  Northern stitchwort – Stellaria borealis           N – Tucker

18.  Blue-Ridge Buckbean – Thermopsis               A – Wyoming

19.  Dwarf trillium – Trillium pusillum                  N – Pendleton

20.  Virginia chain fern – Woodwardia virginica    N - Fayette

 

 

??? WHAT DO YOU WANT FOR YOUR $12 DUES ???

 

An open discussion at the end of the Annual Membership meeting concentrated on what priority activities each member wanted to see our WVNPS get involved with in 2007.  Below is a list from the highest (1st) down to the tenth.

 

  1. Field trips
  2. Protect rare plants
  3. Hold workshops
  4. Deal with reclamation using native plants
  5. Provide info on native plants for home gardeners
  6. Establish or maintain native plants on roadsides
  7. Educate the general public about native plants
  8. Exotic invasive plants
  9. Collect and propagate seeds of native plants
  10. Socialize with souls of a kindred philosophy

 

Do these priorities agree with you!!  They ARE NOT cut in stone.  Let your officers or Board members hear from you by conversation, email, phone call, or letter.  If none of these work, “pull on the proverbial grapevine”.  We can and will change priorities if several of you want something different to happen.  Most of all, we would sincerely enjoy hearing from you!!!!

 

 

WORST OF THE WORST  VS  USFS “TOP TEN PLUS LIST

 

The US Forest Service completed a questionnaire survey in 2005 of the Northeastern US that includes West Virginia to determine top invasive plant species of forest lands.  The forest Service list includes 15 invasive plants compared to our 27 “worst of the worst” list and includes 2 plants that we do not have on our WVNPS list.  These 2 invasive species are: Common buckthorn – Rhamnus  cathartica (known from only 1 WV county

                                        - Giant Hogweed – Heracleum mantegazzianum ( not in WV)

 

The other plants on the Forest Service list are:

 

Norway maple              Tree of Heaven

Garlic mustard              Japanese barberry

Oriental bittersweet            Japanese knotweed

Amur honeysuckle            Japanese honeysuckle

Kudzu                          Japanese stilt grass

Multiflora rose            Autumn olive

Mile-a-minute

 

 

 

 

MEMBERSHIP REGISTRATION:  Please sign me up as a WVNPS member!!

Name(s): ________________________________________________________________

Address:____________________________________________________________

               ____________________________________________________________

Phone  (Home) _______________________ Work ______________________________

Email   _______________________________________________

 

Membership dues:  Paid by calendar year (Jan. 1 – Dec. 31)

 

_____Regular membership  $12  (includes all members of a household)

_____Student membership  $  8   (any student college age or below)

_____Life membership        $200

 

Chapter membership is optional

 

_____$6 Tri-State (Huntington area)   _____$6 Kanawha Valley NPS (Charleston area)

*** You must be a statewide WVNPS member in order to join a local chapter.

 

Mail all dues to: Steve Mace

                           PO Box 808

                          New Haven, WV 25265-0808

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WV NATIVE PLANT SOCIETY

PO BOX 808

NEW HAVEN, WV 25265-0808