Bill Grafton – Editor Daniel J. Grafton – Assistant Editor
VOLUME 14: 3 DECEMBER 2006
By the time you are reading this, the Christmas and New Years holidays will be over. And as the snow falls and melts through the winter, botanical enthusiasts turn their thoughts to a more colorful time of the year: Spring!
Last spring the WVNPS Tri-State Chapter started the botanizing season with a field trip to Grayson Lake State Park. Through the course of the summer we visited botanical hotspots in the rich mesic woods around Fort Gay, KY, the oak-hickory forests of Wayne National Forest in Ohio and the oak barrens and rock bluff communities of Lynx Prairie and Buzzard Roost, both Nature Conservancy properties in Adams County, Ohio. We ended the 2006 field season with a spectacular annual meeting and botanizing trip to the Point Pleasant area; home of Mothman and interesting wetland plant communities.
To combat the lack of botanical thrill that may exist in the winter I suggest three remedies.
1) Seek comfort in learning how to identify trees and shrubs in dormant form. The world of leaf scars, vascular bundle scars and false terminals is a fascinating field of study. Not to mention how much your friends and family will be impressed when you tell them, “No, no, no that can’t be a walnut tree because walnuts have chambered piths!” A good, cheap reference for starting this endeavor is William Harlow’s Fruit Key and Twig Key to Tree and Shrubs published in 1946 by Dover Publications, Inc. Despite its out-dated nomenclature, I find it to be a reliable key with good photos. The best part about it is that you can buy yourself a brand-spankin’-new copy for $4.95 on the internet!
2) The second remedy I suggest is to seek companionship in fellow botanical confidants at this year’s exciting WVNPS lecture series at Marshall University in Huntington, West Virginia. This year’s series features talks about orchids, gardening, outdoor recreation and more! Please check out the schedule of talks included in this issue of Native Notes.
3) Explore the newly re-vamped WVNPS website at www.wvnps.org. Jeff Patton has worked tirelessly to update and festoon the website with pictures, new information and exciting links to other exciting botanical websites.
I hope you all had a wonderful holiday season and that you can partake of the above items to get you through the winter. When spring is around the corner, remember to keep your eyes open for postings about WVNPS summer hikes. If you have an idea for a place that would make a good hike, contact your chapter leader to get it booked as a 2007 field trip.
Happy Winter Botanizing,
Chad Kirschbaum, WVNPS President
Public Welcome! Please join us for a series of talks about plants, gardening, outdoor recreation and more!!!
Effects of Nitrogen Pollution on Plant Diversity
Dr. Frank Gilliam, Marshall University
Thursday, November 16th
Propagation Techniques for Native Plants
Dr. Frank Porter, Porterbrook Native Plants
Hallucinogenic Plants Used in Healing
Dr. Dan Evans, Marshall University
Wednesday, January 17th
Wayne National Forest: From the Land Nobody
Wanted to Southern Ohio’s Unique Natural Treasure
Gloria Chrismer, Wayne National Forest
Thursday, February 15th
Native Orchids of West Virginia and Beyond
Thursday, March 15th
Each talk will also feature “Botany on the Web: Useful websites for E-Botanizing: By Forest Service botanist Chad Kirschbaum
Join us: 6:30 – 7:30 P.M.
Science Hall – Room 376
The Annual Membership meeting was held in Point Pleasant at the Lowe Hotel on the evening of September 23, 2006. Chad Kirshbaum presided.
The following items were discussed and actions agreed to by the members, are listed.
Editor’s Note: I hope many of you have seen these releases. Please let me know,
so a summary can be included in the Spring newsletter.
Instructor: Ray Showman, Ohio Lichen All-star – co-author of Lichens of Ohio .
Chad Kirschbaum (email: email@example.com ,is the contact to register and get more details.
The board meeting will be from 3-6 pm and all are welcome!!
What an interesting group of plants the Tri-State Chapter saw during 2006. If you live close to the area you really should go on the trips. Listed below are some of the rare or interesting plants you missed this year. Don’t let it happen in 2007. Join in the fun!!
List compiled by Jeff Patton
Twinleaf Wild comfrey Filmy fern
Giant chickweed Veiny skullcap False mermaidweed
Cranefly orchid Yellow lady’s slipper Bloodroot
Celandine poppy Greek valerian Goldenseal
List compiled by Jeff Patton
Spreading dogbane Wild cucumber
Young’s Branch on Wayne NF, Ohio 6/3/06
Fire cherry Climbing prairie rose
Narrowleaf cattail Sweet low blueberry
Note: Ohio “State listed plants” followed by (E) Endangered, (T) Threatened or (P) Protected
Green milkweed – LP (P) Shale barren aster – BR (T)
Blue-hearts – LP (T) Flat-stemmed spikerush – LP (T)
Rattlesnake master – LP (P) Hairy milk pea – LP (T)
Cylindrical Blazing Star – BR (T) Scaly Blazing Star – LP (P)
Angle-pod – LP (P) Plains Muhlenbergia – BR (E)
Few-flowered Nut-rush – LP (T) Southern Blackhaw – LP (T)
Goldenseal – BR False boneset – BR, LP
Carolina buckthorn – BR Prairie rose – BR
Cup-plant – LP Prairie dock – LP
White blue-eyed grass – LP Stiff goldenrod – LP
Spring is not “just around the corner”, but it is time to plan what your needs will be for those warmer days of April and May when we like to dig in the soil. It might even help you to get on the web sites of our native plant nurseries. See what they have listed and get your plant list together. Some of the nurseries have catalogs that you can request and be sure to share with you friends, kin folk, and fellow native plant enthusiasts.
Listed below are some sources of native plants for our area. If you know of others, please let me know so we can compile a complete list for the spring issue of Native Notes.
Doyle Farm Nursery
158 Norris Road
Delta, PA 17314
Phone/FAX : 717 862-3134
Web site: doylefarm.com
Doyle Farm Nursery specializes in native perennial grasses and herbs. They have a large variety of plants to choose from. All plants are grown outside so they do not have to acclimatize when first planted.
Located in York County Pennsylvania. Plants are high quality and most are sold in “pots” that are quart or gallon size. They will ship but it is cheaper to pick up gallon size containers at the nursery. Prices are generally $5-6 for quart size and $8-13 for gallon size.
Note: Emily ordered several plants last year and had excellent results.
Elk Ridge Nature Works, LLC
Ron Boyer & Liz McDowell
Phone: 301 895-3686
Web site : elkridgenatureworks.com
A very nice selection of native plants grown on site in Garrett County in western Maryland. Ron and Liz are very helpful and have a nice selection of Mid-Appalachian wildflowers, grasses and rushes. You can purchase the plants at the nursery (by appointment), at local festivals & farmers markets, as well as, several plant events in the Mid-Atlantic region.
Note: We have bought plants from Ron and Liz and found them to be vigorous and hardy.
HC 77, Box 108
Hinton, WV 25951
Phone- FAX: 304 466-3154
Enchanter’s Garden offers a wide variety of wildflowers, grasses, sedges and about 30 trees/shrubs. Most plants are in quart size containers. A listing of plants by common & scientific names and the prices, can be mailed to customers. To buy plants you need to make an appointment and visit the nursery. Plants are no longer sold by mail order as they were a few years ago.
Note: I have bought plants from Peter several times and always found them to be high quality and quite vigorous.
Porterbrook Native Plants
Dr. Frank Porter
49607 St. Rt. 124
Racine, OH 45771
Phone: 740 247-4565
Web site: porterbrooknativeplants.com
We gladly accept small online orders from those unable to visit the nursery. Unless otherwise stated, all plants cost $5.00 each plus the actual cost of postage. Plants will be sent via USPS. You can pay by personal check or money order made out to Frank W. Porter.
The web site lists several hundred wildflowers, sedges, grasses, etc. With descriptions of foliage, flowers, height, hardiness zones, sun/shade preference and other useful information. If you have questions email: firstname.lastname@example.org
There is also a page on rock gardens and a note that Frank sells many native trees and shrubs that are not listed on the web site.
Sylva Native Nursery and Seed Co.
Mike Hollins – President
3815 Roser Road
Glen Rock, PA 17327
Phone: 717 227-0486
FAX: 717 227-0484
Sells a wide variety of seed mixes, seedlings and tublings of wildflowers/herbs, trees and shrubs. Excellent selections of wetland species. Mike often collects seed and material from West Virginia.
Sunshine Farm and Gardens
HC 67 Box 539B
Renick, WV 24966
Phone: 304 497-2208
Web site: sunfarm.com
Barry Glick is the owner, brains and energy behind Sunshine Farm and Gardens that grows over 10,000 perennials, bulbs, trees, shrubs, sedges, wildflowers and specializes in hellebores. This nursery is primarily wholesale but offers limited mail order to home gardeners where they have no established retailers. No one else in our area offers as many plant species.
The web site is very interesting, colorful and loaded with nice information. Barry offers tours, workshops and lectures to groups.
Windbeam Way Nursery
PO Box 37
Heaters, WV 26627
Phone: 304 765-2608
Windbeam Way Nursery offers a selection of all indigenous native azaleas to the eastern US. Native rhododendrons and other ericaceous (heath) plants are available. The nursery also offers perennials, shrubs and trees which are attractive to backyard birds and butterfly gardens. A one-acre display garden, showcases mature specimens of much of what is for sale. Group garden tours and presentations to organizations are arranged by appointment. The nursery is open Fridays thru Mondays during April, May, and June. Visitors should call in advance.
CONGRATULATIONS TO WVNPS MEMBERS BARRY GLICK, DOUG WOOD & DONNA FORD-WERNTZ
Barry Glick was featured in the Sunday Gazette-Mail on October 29, 2006. The article was entitled, “Mountain Crop – Greenbrier Man Ships Plants Around the World”. Barry has been an active member since WVNPS was rejuvenated in the 1980s. The article recognizes Barry as a plant expert who breeds, hybridizes, patents, writes, lectures and sell plants. His nursery is located on 15 acres of mostly steeps forests. Here he and the local folks he hires grow as many as 10,000 species of plants that are sent by mail order around the world. Barry specializes in hellebores that have fantastic foliage that is not eaten by deer.
Barry came to West Virginia from Philadelphia in 1972 and with a brother started a hot tub business near Renick. Look at the web site for Sunshine Farm and Gardens (sunfarm.com) and you will see why Barry is very deserving of such a nice article with 4 color photographs.
Doug Wood was in Morgantown and his serious face graced the front cover of The Daily Athenaeum (WVU student newspaper) on November 8, 2006. Doug was part of the “Mountaineer Week” festivities. He portrayed Mankiller Ostenaco, a famous Cherokee war captain, in his determination to help keep the Cherokee culture alive and let all of us know how that culture influences us today.
Doug graduated from WVU in 1977 and works for the WV Department of Environmental Protection.
He and his wife, Diane Anestis, have given many programs over the years to promote a better understanding of the American Indians. Diane is an expert on native American’s use of plants for medicine.
Donna Ford-Werntz is curator of the WVU Herbarium, the largest collection of preserved plant specimens in the state, and will be part of a National Science Foundation funded project to create an online plant collections network. The SouthEast Regional Network of Expertise and Collections is a five-year, $498,00 project that will enable botanists and others to access pressed plant collections (Herbaria) and information within a 15-state region. It’s called the Research Coordination Network, and its idea is to make biological information easily available for students, teachers and researchers.
This US Forest Service website has excellent information on invasive plants in the Northeastern United States.
This website is the “Celebrating Wildflowers” site that has a tremendous amount of information. Larry Stritch, former WV Board member has been very instrumental in getting this excellent resource available for us to use.
This is our very own website. Jeff Patton has really turned this into an excellent resource that we can be proud of. Check it out!!!!!!
This site is loaded with photos, illustrations, range maps and much, much more.
WHY HAVE A FLORA ATLAS
The old West Virginia flora atlas was a list of counties in which a specific plant was known to occur. It is now a series of West Virginia maps (a map for each plant) with each county outlined. Symbols of a circle or a dot are used to indicate the plant has been officially collected from that county and is located in a herbarium.
The circle indicates the plant is an historical record collected prior to 1977.
The dot indicates the plant collection has been between 1977 and the present.
The WV Checklist & Atlas is finally printed and is being distributed to reviewers and agency people who will use it the most. A second printing is being planned and will be sold to those who wish to purchase copies.
Why have an atlas?? As of January 2006, only 4 plants had been collected in all 55 counties based on records at WVU, Youngstown State U., Carnegie Museum, Davis & Elkins College, and a small number of plants inventoried at Marshall U. By the end of 2006, there are 13 plant species that have been collected in all counties. This happened because we can now look at a map and easily see what counties are blank.
The original 4 species collected in all 55 counties were:
· Common serviceberry – Amelanchier arborea
· Downy rattlesnake plantain – Goodyera pubescens
· Oxeye Daisy – Leucanthemum vulgare
· Christmas fern – Polystichum acrostichoides
The 9 new species added in 2006 are:
· Yarrow – Achillea millefolium
· Ebony spleenwort –Asplenium platyneuron
· Flowering dogwood – Cornus florida
· Wild carrot – Daucus carota
· Autumn olive – Elaeagnus umbellata
· Spicebush – Lindera benzoin
· Sassafras – Sassafras albidum
· Stonecrop – Sedum ternatum
· Coltsfoot – Tussilago farfara
Another very nice feature of the Atlas is you can, at a glance, see if a plant occurs statewide, is rare or occurs in a specific area of the state.
By the time you get this Native Notes, DNR should know if there are any copies for sale and what the price will be. For availability information, contact
Wildlife Diversity Program, Natural Heritage Group
WV Division of Natural Resources
PO Box 67, Ward Road
Elkins, WV 26241
Phone: 304 637-0245
There are 316 species that are found in only 1 county.
Listed below are 20 of the 316 that have fairly showy flowers that are Native or Adventive and the one county where it has been found. If you live in or take field trip into this county, watch for the plant. It might also be growing in adjacent counties. Any new sites would be really neat finds to add to the Atlas.
1. Fringed gentian – Gentianopsis crinita N – Greenbrier
2. Blue-head Gily-flower – Gilia capitata N – Hampshire
3. Frostweed – Helianthemum propiquum N – Nicholas
4. St. John’s-wort - Hypericum ascyron A – Pleasants
5. Disguised St. John’s-wort – Hypericum dissimulatum N –Barbour
6. Sheep laurel – Kalmia angustifolia N – Randolph
7. Dwarf dandelion – Krigia caespitosa A – Kanawha
8. Few-flower gayfeathers - Liatris pauciflora N – Fayette
9. Spherical gayfeathers – Liatris spheroidea N –Ritchie
10. Blazing star – Liatris squarrosa A – Cabell
11. False aloe - Manfreda virginica N – Wayne
12. Englemann’s adder’s tongue – Ophioglossum englemannii N – Hardy
13. Brook cinquefoil - Potentilla rivalis N – Kanawha
14. Dwarf chinquapin oak – Quercus prinoides N – Greenbrier
15. Prairie coneflower - Ratibida columnifera A – Wood
16. White blue-eyed grass – Sisyrinchium albidum N – Grant
17. Northern stitchwort – Stellaria borealis N – Tucker
18. Blue-Ridge Buckbean – Thermopsis A – Wyoming
19. Dwarf trillium – Trillium pusillum N – Pendleton
20. Virginia chain fern – Woodwardia virginica N - Fayette
??? WHAT DO YOU WANT FOR YOUR $12 DUES ???
An open discussion at the end of the Annual Membership meeting concentrated on what priority activities each member wanted to see our WVNPS get involved with in 2007. Below is a list from the highest (1st) down to the tenth.
Do these priorities agree with you!! They ARE NOT cut in stone. Let your officers or Board members hear from you by conversation, email, phone call, or letter. If none of these work, “pull on the proverbial grapevine”. We can and will change priorities if several of you want something different to happen. Most of all, we would sincerely enjoy hearing from you!!!!
The US Forest Service completed a questionnaire survey in 2005 of the Northeastern US that includes West Virginia to determine top invasive plant species of forest lands. The forest Service list includes 15 invasive plants compared to our 27 “worst of the worst” list and includes 2 plants that we do not have on our WVNPS list. These 2 invasive species are: Common buckthorn – Rhamnus cathartica (known from only 1 WV county
- Giant Hogweed – Heracleum mantegazzianum ( not in WV)
The other plants on the Forest Service list are:
Norway maple Tree of Heaven
Garlic mustard Japanese barberry
Oriental bittersweet Japanese knotweed
Amur honeysuckle Japanese honeysuckle
Kudzu Japanese stilt grass
Multiflora rose Autumn olive
MEMBERSHIP REGISTRATION: Please sign me up as a WVNPS member!!
Phone (Home) _______________________ Work ______________________________
Membership dues: Paid by calendar year (Jan. 1 – Dec. 31)
_____Regular membership $12 (includes all members of a household)
_____Student membership $ 8 (any student college age or below)
_____Life membership $200
Chapter membership is optional
_____$6 Tri-State (Huntington area) _____$6 Kanawha Valley NPS (Charleston area)
*** You must be a statewide WVNPS member in order to join a local chapter.
PO Box 808
New Haven, WV 25265-0808
PO BOX 808
NEW HAVEN, WV 25265-0808