List compiled by Judy Dumke.

14 May 2005

Tri State Chapter of the West Virginia Native Plants Association

Field trip to Carter Caves State Park, Carter County Kentucky.  Departed from the Nature Center walked up the road, under the natural bridge, returned to the Nature Center and took Horn Hollow Trail.

weather   delightful

Nomenclature  follows Harmon et. Al.  Checklist of the Vascular Flora of WV.

Technical document 95-1 Nongame and Natural Heritage Program WVDNR

italics = non native

Not Keyed but interesting there was a reproducing liverwort sp showing both antheridiophores and archegoniophores on the stone wall beneath the overflow parking lot at the nature center.

    SELAGINELLACEAE

            Selaginella apoda (L>) Spring               Meadow Spikemoss

Pteridophyta

    ADIANTACEAE

            Adiantum pedatum L.                 Maidenhair Fern

    ASPLENIACEAE

            Asplenium rhizophyllum L.               Walking Fern

                            Syn. Camptosorus rhizophyllus (L>) Link

    DRYOPTERIDACEAE

            Athyrium filix-femina L. Roth ssp asplenioides (Michx) Hulten

                            Syn. Athyrium asplenioides A. Eaton     Southern Lady Fern

            Cystopteris bulbifera (L.) Bernh.           Bulbiferous bladder fern

            Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx) Schott                      Christmas Fern

    OPHIOGLOSSACEAE

            Botrychium oneidense (Gilbert) House            Blunt Lobed Grape Fern

            B. virginianum (L.)                                                        Rattlesnake Fern

            Onoclea sensibilis L.                                           Sensitive Fern

    OSMUNDACEAE

            Osmunda cinnamonea L. var. cinnamonea       Cinnamon Fern

    POLYPODIACEAE

            Diplazium pycnocarpon (Spreng.) Broun       Glade Fern

                            Syn. Athyrium pycnocarpon (Spreng.) Tidestr.

    THELYPTERIDACEAE

             Phegotpteris hexagonoptera (Michx) Fee                       Broad Beech Fern

Gymnospermae

    PINACEAE

                Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.                     Hemlock

    CUPRESSACEAE

                Juniperus virginiana L.                                                  Red Cedar

Angiospermae

Monocots

    AMARYLLIDACEAE

                Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Coville                                           Yellow Star Grass

    ARACEAE

                Arasaema triphyllum (L.) Shott                                      Jack in the Pulpit

    CYPERACEAE

                Carex. laxiflora group

                C. leptonervia (Fern.) Fern                     Sedge

                C. Pensylvanica Lam.                    Pennsylvania sedge                  

                C. Platyphylla Carey                    Broad Leafed Sedge

                other Carex too immature to key

    DIOSCOREACEAE

                Dioscorea quaternata (Walt.) J. F. Gmel.                       4 leaved wild yam    

                D. villosa L.                       Wild Yam

    IRIDACEAE

                Iris cristata Ait                    abundant                            Crested Iris

                I. Verna L.           1 plant               Spring Iris

                Sisyrinchium angustifolium P. Mill          Blue -eyed grass

    JUNCACEAE

                Luzula acuminata Raf.                                                  Hairy Wood Rush

                L. echinata (Small) Hermann                                        Woodrush

                N.b.  Newer revisions would give a few differences

    LILIACEAE

                Chamaelirium luteum (L>) Gray           Devilís Bit (our mystery plant)

                Disporum lanuginosum(Michx) Nichols         Hairy Disporum

                Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link         false Solomonís Seal

                Syn. Smilacina racemosa (L.) Desf.

                Polygonatum pubescens (Willd.) Pursh            Downy Solomonís seal

                Trillium grandiflorum (Michx) Salisb                              Large Flowered Trillium

                Uvularia grandiflora Sm.                Large flowered Bellwort

    ORCHIDACEAE

                Aplectrum hyemale (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Torr        Putty Root

                Cypripedium acaule Ait.                                  Pink Ladyís Slipper

                C. pubescens Willd.                 Large Ladyís slipper

                Galearis spectabilis (L.) Raf.              Showy orchis

                Syn. Orchis spectabilis L.

                Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R. BR.          Downy rattlesnake plantain

    POACEAE

                Anthoxanthum aristatum Boiss                                     Sweet Vernal Grass

                Brachyelytrum   erectum (Schreb. ex Spreng) Beauv   no common name

                Bromus kalmii Gray                  Canada Bromegrass

                                    Syn. B. purgans L.

                Dactylis glomerata L.                   Orchard Grass

                Danthonia spicata (L.) Beauv.                                        Poverty Oat Grass

                Dichanthelium clandestinum (L.) Gould                         Deer tongue grass

                                 Syn. Panicum clandestinum L.

                Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus                       Eulalia, Japanese stilt grass

                Poa compressa L.                    Canada bluegrass

                P. pratensis L.                     Kentucky bluegrass

Dicots

    ACERACEAE

                Acer rubrum L.                                                             Red Maple

                Leucanthemum vulgare Lam.               Ox-eye Daisy

                            Syn. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L.

                Taraxacum officinale Weber ex Wiggers       Common dandelion

                Tussilago farfara L.                    Coltís Foot

    ANACARDIACEAE

                Rhus aromatica Ait                  Fragrant sumac

                Toxicodendron radicans L.               Poison Ivy

    ANNONACEAE

                Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal.                                            Paw Paw

    APIACEAE

                Cryptotaenia canadensis (L>) DC         Honewort

                Heracleum lanatum Michx             Cow Parsnip

                Medicago sativa L.                  Black medic

                Osmorhiza longistylis (Torr.) DC            Smooth Sweet Cicely

                Thaspium trifoliatum (L.) Gray              Woodland Meadow Parsnip

                Trifolium camprestre Schreb.                Low Hop Clover

                Trifolium repens L.                 White clover 

    APOCYNACEAE

                Vinca minor L.                      Periwinkle

    ARISTOLOCHIACEAE

                Asarum canadense L.                 Wild Ginger

    ASCLEPIADACEAE

                Asclepias quadrifolia Jacq.             Four leaved Milkweed

    ASTERACEAE

                Aster macrophyllus L.                   Big leaved aster

                Coreopsis major Walt.                                                  Wood tickseed.    

                Erigeron pulchellus Michx.              Robinís Plantain (WV)

                                      Ragged Robin some books

                E. strigosus Muhl                   Daisy Fleabane

                Krigia biflora (Walt.) Blake                                            Cynthia

                Polymnia canadensis L.              White Flowed Leaf cup

                Senecio aureus L.                                                         Golden Ragwort

                S. obovatus Muhl. Ex Willd              Squaw weed

                S. Pauperculus Michx.                   Balsam squaw weed

                 N b. the differences in the species descriptions between the first and second editions of Gleason and Cronquist are profound, as Chad                 and I found out when keying, I used the 1st edition and the 2nd.  There was not even agreement on whether a species was an annual                 or a perennial.

    BERBERIDACEAE

                Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx           Blue cohosh

                Podophyllum peltatum L.                                              May Apple       

      BRASSICACEAE

                Alliaria petiolata (Bied.) Cavara & Grande      Garlic Mustard

                Arabis lyrata L.                        Lyre leaf rockcress

                 Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch                                      Black Mustard

                Cardamine angustata O. E. Schultz           Slender toothwort

                                Syn. Dentaria heterophylla Nutt.

      CAMPANULACEAE

                Triodanis perfoliata (L) Nieuwl.            Venusí Looking Glass

                                  Syn. Specularia perfoliata (L.) A. DC

     CAPRIFOLIACEAE

                Lonicera japonica Thunb.                Japanese Honeysuckle

                 Sambucus canadensis L.                                              Black Elderberry

                Virburnum acerifolium L.                Maple Leaved Virburnum

                 V.  prunifolium L.                                             Black Haw

                V. rafinesquianum J. A. Schultes            Downey Arrowwood

    CARYOPHYLLACEAE

                Stellaria longifolia Muhl. Ex Willd         Longleaf Stitchwort

                S. pubera Michx.                    Great Chickweed

    CLUSIACEAE

                Hypericum hypericoides (L.)Crantz                                St. Andrews Cross

                H. prolificum L.                    Shrubby St. Johnís wort

    CORNACEAE

                Cornus florida L.                                                           Flowering Dogwood

    CORYLACEAE

                Corylus americana Walt.             Hazel nut

    CRASSULACEAE

                Sedum Ternatum Michx.               Wild Stonecrop

    ERICACEAE

                Epigaea repens L.                   Trailing Arbutus

                Kalmia latifolia L.                 Mountain Laurel

                Oxydendrum arboreum )L) DC              Sourwood

                Rhododendron maximum L.             Rhododendron

                Rhododendron prinophyllum (Small) Millais       Rose Azalea

                                Syn. R. roseum (Loesel.) Rehd.

                Rhododendron sp. (Deciduous)   Suppressed in low light situation

                Vaccinium pallidum Ait.             Upland Low blueberry

                V. stamineum L.                 Squaw huckleberry

                N.b.  There has been substantial revision genus Vaccinium; in the first edition of Gleason and Cronquist there are 27 species and in the                 2nd there are 18.  In both of the species listed above the current editions of Strausbaugh and Core includes several other names.

    FABACEAE

                Cercis Canadensis L.                                                    Redbud

                Meehania cordata (Nutt.) Britt              Meehania

                Vicia caroliniana Walt.                 Wild Vetch

    FAGACEAE

                Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.                                                American Beech

                Quercus alba L.                 White oak

    FUMARIACEAE

                Corydalis flavula (Raf) DC              Yellow corydalis

    GERANIACEAE

                Geranium maculatum L.               Wild Cranesbill

    GROSSULARIACEAE

                Ribes cynosbati  L.                                                        Prickly Gooseberry

    HAMAMELIDACEAE

                Hamamelis virginiana L.             Witch Hazel

    HIPPOCASTANACEAE

                Aesculus flava Aiton                    Yellow Buckeye

    HYDROPHYLLACEAE

                Hydrophyllum appendiculatum Michx.          Appendaged waterleaf

    JUGLANDACEAE

                Carya ovalis (Wang.) Sarg               Oval pignut hickory

    LAMIACEAE

                Blephilia ciliata (L.) Benth                Downy Woodmint

                Cunila origanoides (L.) Britt                                           Dittany

                Gleochoma hederacea L.              Ground Ivy

                Prunella vulgaris L.                    Self Heal

                Pycnanthemum sp.                    Immature

                Salvia lyrata L.                        Lyre leaved sage

    LAURACEAE

                Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume              Spicebush

                Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nutt              White sassafras

    MAGNOLIACEAE

                Liriodendron tulipifera L.                                              Yellow Poplar, tulip tree

                Magnolia tripetala (L.) L.                                               Umbrella Magnolia                             

    OLEACEAE

                Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh.               Red Ash

                Var. subintegerrima (Vahl.) Fern         Green ash

                 Not recognized as sp or var. in WV

    OROBANCHACEAE

                Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr. F                               Cancer root , Squaw root

    OXALIDACEAE

                Oxalis violacea L.                          Violet Wood Sorrel

    PAPAVERACEAE

                Sanguinaria canadensis L.                                            Bloodroot    

    PLANTAGINACEAE

                Plantago aristata Michx.                Bracted plantain

                P. rugelii Decne.                   Common Plantain

                P. virginica L.                     Dwarf Plantain

    POLEMONIACEAE

                Hydrophyllum

                Phlox maculata L.                   Wild Sweet William

                Polemonium reptans L.               Greek Valerian (WV)

                                                                   Jacobís Ladder (OH)

    PRIMULACEAE

                Dodecatheon media L.                    Shooting Star

                 Lysimachia quadrifolia L.                                             Whorled Loosestrife

    RANUNCULACEAE

                Aquilegia canadensis L.             Wild Columbine

                Enemion biternatum Raf.                                              False Rue Anemone

                                 Syn.  Isopryum biternatum (Raf.) Torr & Gray

                Hepatica nobilis (P. Mill var. acuta (Pursh) Steyermark   Sharp lobed liverleaf

                                 Syn. H. acutiloba DC    

                Hepatica nobilis (P.Mill. Var. obtusa (Pursh)Steyermark Round lobed liverleaf

                                  Syn. H. americana (DC) Ker.

                Ranunculus abortivus L.             Kidney leaf crowfoot

                R. hispidus Michx.                          Hispid Buttercup

                R. sp.                          Undetermined crowsfoot

                Thalictrum dioicum L.                   Early Meadow Rue

    ROSACEAE

                Amelanchier sp.                 Service berry between fl and ft.

                Geum vernum (Raf.) Torr. & Gray                                 Spring avens

                Rosa carolina L.                    Pasture rose

                 Rosa multiflora Thunb. Ex Murr.                                    Rambler Rose

    RUBIACEAE

                Galium aparine L.                                                        Common Bedstraw

                G. circaezans Michs.                                                     Wild liquorice

                Hudsonia caerulea L.                    Bluets

                Mitchella repens L.                 Partridge berry 

    RUTACEAE

                Ptelea trifoliata L.                                                         Hop tree

    SAXIFRAGACEAE

                Heuchera americana L. var. americana        Alumroot

                Heuchera parviflora Bartl.              Small flowered alumroot

                Hydrangea arborescens L.                Wild Hydrangea

                Mitella diphylla L.                 Miterwort (WV)

                                                             Bishopís cap (KY) (OH)

                Tiarella cordifolia L.                  Foam flower

    SCROPHULARIACEAE

                Pedicularis canadensis L.               Common lousewort, Wood Betony        

                Veronica polita Fries                    Field Speedwell

                Veronica serpyllifolia L.                    Thyme Leaved Speedwell

    TILIACEAE

                Tilia americana L.                              Basswood

                T. americana L.var. Heterophylla (Vent.) Loud.      White Basswood

                                Syn. T. heterophylla Vent.

    VIOLACEAE

                Hybanthus concolor (Forster) Spreng         Green Violet

                Viola blanda Willd.                 Sweet white violet

                V. canadensis L.                                                           Canada Violet

                V. hirsutula Brainard                   Triangle Leaf Violet

                V. palmata L. var. triloba (Schwein) Gingins ex DC         Three lobed violet

                                    Syn V. triloba Schwein

                V. rostrata Pursh.                  Long-Spurred Violet

                V. sagittata Ait.                                                             Arrow leaf violet

                V. striata Ait                      Striped Violet

    VITACEAE

                Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch.                       Virginia Creeper

                Vitis aestivalis Michx.                                                    Summer Grape